Days 1 to 3:  Feed one pound (approximately 1/6 of a flake) of high quality, leafy alfalfa every four hours (total of 6 lb per day in 6 feedings). The amounts fed were similar in caloric content so that the horses fed oat hay were given the largest volume of feed, and the horses on the complete feed were given the smallest volume. Starved horses should be fed at 50% or less of their current energy requirements. It takes an estimated 60-90 days of feed deprivation for a normal, healthy horse in optimal body condition to drop enough weight to lose its … #7: Monitoring the reintroduction of food is mandatory particularly during the first week of feeding #8: In horses, small feedings are recommended to begin (up to 6 times a day). The problem of the neglected horse has worsened in recent years due to the global recession and almost simultaneous closure of equine slaughter facilities in the US. Re-feeding syndrome occurs when a fasted horse eats a meal (generally high in carbohydrate); insulin is released and causes glucose to be absorbed into the body cells, but it also draws the electrolytes magnesium and potassium out of the bloodstream and into body cells. A weight and body condition score (http://www.badgervet.com/blog/2013/body-condition-scoring) will be taken at this time. Re-Feeding Syndrome and the Starving Horse, This article will address the issue of starvation in the horse, the physical impact and clinical manifestations that starvation has on the animal, the, RISK FACTORS  AND CLINICAL SIGNS OF STARVATION. Months of neglect cannot be … Defenders. Some rescue horses have been neglected or abused and may react defensively. The first step to rehabilitating a starved horse is to have a veterinarian assess its overall health. These guidelines have been … Refeeding syndrome occurs when too many calories and nutrients are consumed by a starving animal, resulting in electrolyte imbalance, multi-organ failure, and possibly death. This was first described during WWII and has since been well documented in human medicine. Overfeeding malnourished horses can cause much harm and potentially death. A successful rehabilitation – before and after. If any underlying medical issues are uncovered, they can be addressed during the refeeding process. Extremely overgrown hooves should be trimmed immediately, and the horse then worked into a regular farrier schedule. Heart of Phoenix's Re Feeding protocol for Starved Horses Horses that arrive at a Body Score of 1-3 (or so) are in danger of developing re-feeding syndrome, but the can actually already be in organ failure. Adequate TLC, along with proper nutrition, can pay off in with these horses in many ways. As previously discussed, this caused carbohydrates to be pulled into the cells, as well other electrolytes. Hypocalcemia (low calcium in the blood) will cause ataxia (unsteadiness), seizures, hyperexcitability, high heart rate and respiratory rate, muscle fasiculations, and ileus (lack of movement of the intestines). In horses with very poor to emaciated body condition, the backbone, ribs, and hip bones are prominent, with their head appearing to be disproportionately large for its body. This syndrome can cause kidney, heart and respiratory failure 3 to 5 days after the first feeding. Avoid forced exercise until the body condition score is at least a 3.5. Also @LydiaAndJustice you should make yourself aware of refeeding syndrome. CAUSES OF REFEEDING SYNDROME In a manner similar to humans, the feeding of concentrated calories to a starving horse can lead to a condition called ‘Re-feeding Syndrome’. 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